Week 9          Adding suffixes to words ending in fer

If the ‘fer’ syllable is stressed after adding the suffix, then double the r.

If it is not stressed, just add the suffix.

Week 8         The endings ible/ibly or able/ably

The able and ably endings are more common.

If the root word ends in a hard c or g then the word ends in able.

Week 7         Suffixes ary, ory or ery

There are often no sound clues to help you decide which one to choose, but the root word can sometimes help:

Use ary: if the root word isn’t a recognizable word,

Use ery: when related to words ending in er and when the root is a recognizable word,

Use ory: sometimes related to words ending in or and many are related to words ending in ion.

Week 6      Suffixes ant/ance/ancy or ent/ence/

Use ant/ance/ancy if:

  • the root word contains an a, as in dominate, the likelihood is that it will take the a version of the ending.
  • there is a related word ending in ation
  • the word is formed from a verb that ends in-y, -ure, or -ear
  • also if the noun is related to a verb which ends in -ate, then the ending is likely to be –ant, ance, ancy.

Use ent, ence, ency if:

  • there is a soft c, soft g sound or qu
  • a related word has a clear e sound

Week 5

Continuing the ‘shun’ sound from week 4.

This week we are focusing on the ‘shun’ sound spelled with words ending in: ation, etion, ition, otion or ution.

Helpful Guidelines:

  • ation – the long a is always followed by tion.
  • ution words are usually longer than three syllables
  • otion, ution, etion – the base word usually contains the vowel, clearly pronounced.

Week 4

This week and next we are looking at the various spellings of the ‘shun’ sound.

The ‘shun’ sound can be spelled with: cian, tion, sion or ssion.

Helpful Guidelines:

The most common ending is tion.

When a word describes an occupation and the base word ends in ic, the ending is cian.

Nouns based on words that end in –ss– or –mit-always end in ssion

Base words that end in d, de, se – end in sion.

Week 3

Spelling of words with suffixes added which make a ‘shul’ sound: cial or tial.

Personal Target Words

Rule: If the base word ends in a vowel (a,e, i,  o and u) then add the suffix cial.

For example: the base word face becomes facial.

If the base word ends in a consonant, then add the suffix tial.

For example: the base word part becomes partial.

There are a few exceptions (words that do not follow the rules), which you will just need to learn.

For example: initial, financial.

Don’t forget to also learn your personal target words!

Week 2 

To spell words with suffixes added which make a ‘shus’ sound: cious or tious.

Rule: If the base word ends in ce, than add the cious suffix.

For example: the base word space becomes spacious.

If tion can be added to the base word, then the tious suffix should be used.

For example: the base word content, becomes contentious, as the suffix tion can be added to become contention.

Watch out for: obnoxious and anxious.

Week 1 

To spell words with the suffix – ous (meaning full of).

There are 3 rules for adding this suffix.

1) If the root word doesn’t change, just add ‘ous’

– e.g danger —-> dangerous

2) If the word ends in ‘e’, drop the e and add ‘ous’

– e.g. fame —->  famous

3) If the word ends in ‘y’ change it to an ‘i’ and add ‘ous’

– e.g. vary —-> various